Berlin, The capital of Europe-(Part-1)
A City Forever Young
Berlin is a young and constantly changing city which could well be considered the capital city in Europe. The cultural center of the Old Continent, founded just six hundred years ago, Berlin is since 1990, after the fall of the wall, the German capital. It has a population of 3.4 million inhabitants with a large proportion (around 500,000 people) who belong to the gay and lesbian community. 50% of its population is below the age range of 40 years. It has a reputation as a tolerant city where every day and night festivals and activities occur.
During the time of the Wall, West Berlin was brought together as all anti FRG after unification generation that retains its reputation for modern city as rebellious and transgressive spirit that remains as the Berlin of the century. Thousands of foreign students settle in a city where rental prices are not high, -per € 300 monthly rent can get a worthy- apartment and where it is easy to feel comfortable.
Berlin is divided into 12 districts, of which eight of them, Mitte, Tiergarten, Charlottenburg, Shöneberg, Wilmersdorf Kreuzberg, Prenzlauer Berg and Friedrichshain. Form the city center, home and almost all the places are to be visited. Berlin also is a sprawling city with one third of its municipal perimeter is considered to be green. Tiergarten park would be a bird’s eye view of the city center. If we look at the map on the right of the Tiergarten, is the Brandenburg Gate and a little to the north, the Reichstag. A broad avenue Unter den Linden, can be seen from the Brandenburg Gate on Avenue des 17 Juni and crosses the park in half. To the right of the Brandenburg Gate is the historical center, Mitte and Alexanderplatz, in the south district of Kreuzberg and Prenzlauer Berg and Friedrichshain north.
Tiergarten district extends Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf with Shöneberg south, in what would be the area occupied by the former capital of West Berlin. The Spree River is the waterway of a city connected to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. To scroll through Berlin, the best way is, using the U-Bahn, although Berlin is a city that does not suffer from traffic problems.
The city center
The Museum Island, next to the Cathedral (Berliner Dom), is the cultural center of Berlin. It takes almost a whole day to visit the heart of Berlin that is concentrated around the station Hacheshher Markt and the quality of its museums is considered one of the heritages of humanity. The site is also the place to get a first impression of Berlin along the river Spree.
Indeed, a stroll from the cathedral to around the building of the Chancellery and the Reichstag will take just over an hour. Meanwhile, half way you can stop at one of the piers near Friedrichstrasse and hop on one of the boats that make river tours. Toward the other extreme Alexanderplatz, the center of the former East Berlin dominated by the TV tower of 368 meters. From its vantage point you can enjoy one of the best views of Berlin. Mitte from Museum Island extends southward.
The Friedrichstrasse shopping street crosses Unter den Linden (Avenida de los Tilos) one of the oldest Berlin that goes to the Brandenburg Gate. The Unter den Linden joined the old palace with the Tiergarten park. Further south of the Brandenburg Gate, stuck to the side of the Friedrichstrasse, find the Gendarmenmarkt (the Place de la Gendarmerie) considered one of the most beautiful squares in Berlin with the Schauspielhaus theater and the German and French cathedrals. From the Gendarmenmarkt, looking at the map on the right is the monument to the Holocaust and left the Sholssplatz. A little further up Bebelplatz, infamous for the burning of books by the Nazis in 1933.
If North Mitte is full of museums, Mitte south is distinguished by the number of monuments and places outdoors to be paid a visit. Perhaps because of its proximity to the former Berlin Wall, the Brandenburg Gate has become one of the universal symbols of Berlin. He marked the division between East and West Berlin. The gate was built in 1791 under the rule of Frederick William II by architect CG Langhans. It is a replica of the Propylaea of the Acropolis in Athens and is crowned by a chariot driven by the goddess of victory. It is the meeting point for several tours as well as the thousands of visitors to Berlin.
To be continued……